IBOutlet与IBAction

附上鸟文,翻译的话,还是有点差距的

Apress - Learn Cocoa on the Mac (Feb 2010) (ATTiCA)
You might be wondering just what IBAction and IBOutlet are. Are they part of the Objective-C language?
Nope. They’re good old-fashioned C pre-processor macros. If you go into the AppKit.framework and look at the NSNibDeclarations.h header file, you’ll see that they’re defined like this:

Confused? These two keywords do absolutely nothing as far as the compiler is concerned. IBOutlet gets entirely removed from the code before the compiler ever sees it. IBAction resolves to a void return type, which just means that action methods do not return a value. So, what’s going on here?

The answer is simple, really: IBOutlet and IBAction are not used by the compiler. They are used by Interface Builder. Interface Builder uses these keywords to parse out the outlets and actions available to it. Interface Builder can only see methods that are prefaced with IBAction and can only see variables or properties that are prefaced with IBOutlet. Also, the presence of these keywords tells other programmers, looking at your code in the future, that the variables and methods in question aren’t dealt with entirely in code. They’ll need to delve into the relevant nib file to see how things are hooked up and used.

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